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David E. Samuel, DPM

October 2021

Tuesday, 26 October 2021 00:00

What Are the Different Types of Fractures?

There are many ways to break a bone. Acute fractures occur suddenly and are caused by direct trauma. Stress fractures are small and caused by repetitive damage from overuse. Fractures can be closed or open. In a closed or simple fracture, the skin remains intact. In an open or compound fracture, the bone breaks the surface of the skin. Fractures can further be categorized based on how the bone is broken. A transverse fracture means that the bone is broken in a straight line, while an oblique fracture means that the bone is broken diagonally. A spiral fracture circles around the bone. A comminuted fracture is when the bone breaks into more than one piece. An avulsion fracture is when a ligament or tendon tears and pulls a small piece of bone away with it. If you have broken a bone in your feet or ankles, please seek the care of a podiatrist. 

Ankle and foot injuries are common among athletes and in many sports. They can be caused by several problems and may be potentially serious. If you are feeling pain or think you were injured in a sporting event or when exercising, consult with David E. Samuel, DPM from Foot & Ankle Specialists of Delaware County. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Common Injuries

The most common injuries that occur in sporting activities include:

  • Achilles Tendonitis
  • Achilles Tendon Rupture
  • Ankle Sprains
  • Broken Foot
  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Stress Fractures
  • Turf Toe

Symptoms

Symptoms vary depending upon the injury and in some cases, there may be no symptoms at all. However, in most cases, some form of symptom is experienced. Pain, aching, burning, bruising, tenderness, tightness or stiffness, sensation loss, difficulty moving, and swelling are the most common symptoms.

Treatment

Just as symptoms vary depending upon the injury, so do treatment options. A common treatment method is known as the RICE method. This method involves rest, applying ice, compression and elevating the afflicted foot or ankle. If the injury appears to be more serious, surgery might be required, such as arthroscopic or reconstructive surgery. Lastly, rehabilitation or therapy might be needed to gain full functionality in the afflicted area. Any discomfort experienced by an athlete must be evaluated by a licensed, reputable medical professional.  

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Springfield, PA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Sports Related Foot and Ankle Injuries
Tuesday, 19 October 2021 00:00

The Basics on Plantar Warts

Verrucae plantaris, or plantar warts, are viral lesions that form on weight-bearing areas of the foot such as the bottom of the heels and toes, and the ball of the foot. Because they are found on the bottom of the feet, they can feel especially painful and tender. Pain is commonly felt while walking or doing other physical activities. The tiny blood vessel that feeds the wart is sometimes visible, and may appear as a tiny black dot in the center of the wart. An Individual plantar wart can develop in a given area, or it can sometimes be clustered with others, forming what is called mosaic warts. Plantar warts can grow deep into tissue, making it harder for them to clear up on their own. They can often reoccur as well. For a speedier and more permanent resolution to plantar warts, contact a podiatrist to go over your treatment options.

Plantar warts can be very uncomfortable. If you need your feet checked, contact David E. Samuel, DPM from Foot & Ankle Specialists of Delaware County. Our doctor will assist you with all of your foot and ankle needs.

About Plantar Warts

Plantar warts are the result of HPV, or human papillomavirus, getting into open wounds on the feet. They are mostly found on the heels or balls of the feet.

While plantar warts are generally harmless, those experiencing excessive pain or those suffering from diabetes or a compromised immune system require immediate medical care. Plantar warts are easily diagnosed, usually through scraping off a bit of rough skin or by getting a biopsy.

Symptoms

  • Lesions on the bottom of your feet, usually rough and grainy
  • Hard or thick callused spots
  • Wart seeds, which are small clotted blood vessels that look like little black spots
  • Pain, discomfort, or tenderness of your feet when walking or standing

Treatment

  • Freezing
  • Electric tool removal
  • Laser Treatment
  • Topical Creams (prescription only)
  • Over-the-counter medications

To help prevent developing plantar warts, avoid walking barefoot over abrasive surfaces that can cause cuts or wounds for HPV to get into. Avoiding direct contact with other warts, as well as not picking or rubbing existing warts, can help prevent the further spread of plantar warts. However, if you think you have developed plantar warts, speak to your podiatrist. He or she can diagnose the warts on your feet and recommend the appropriate treatment options.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Springfield, PA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Plantar Warts
Wednesday, 13 October 2021 00:00

Heel Pain Can Be Treated!

Do you suffer from heel pain when you get up in the morning? If so, you should seek the professional help of your podiatrist and have a proper diagnosis performed. Heel pain can be caused by several different foot-related conditions.

Tuesday, 12 October 2021 00:00

Ankle Ligament Tears Due to Sprain

If you are in pain after spraining your ankle and notice swelling on the outside of it, or if you heard a popping sound the instant the injury occurred, you may have a torn ankle ligament. There are four major ligaments that hold the ankle together. The anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) on the outside of the ankle is the weakest and therefore typically the first to become injured. It can become overly stretched in a sprain, partially torn, or even completely torn (ruptured). Small tears of the ATFL will cause pain, tenderness, and swelling, but walking is usually still possible. Larger ATFL tears will cause greater pain, swelling and bruising, and you may have difficulty walking. A complete tear of the ATFL can cause severe pain, larger areas of swelling, and you may not be able to walk at all. You may have been able to hear an audible popping sound at the moment of trauma as well. This type of injury may cause damage to the calcaneal fibular ligament (CFL) on the outside of the ankle as well. Ankle sprains can be serious injuries and many require professional care to heal properly and stave off further complications. If you believe you have sprained your ankle, make an appointment with a podiatrist as soon as possible.

Ankle pain can have many different causes and the pain may potentially be serious. If you have ankle pain, consult with David E. Samuel, DPM from Foot & Ankle Specialists of Delaware County. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Ankle pain is any condition that causes pain in the ankle. Due to the fact that the ankle consists of tendons, muscles, bones, and ligaments, ankle pain can come from a number of different conditions.

Causes

The most common causes of ankle pain include:

  • Types of arthritis (rheumatoid, osteoarthritis, and gout)
  • Ankle sprains
  • Broken ankles
  • Achilles tendinitis
  • Achilles tendon rupture
  • Stress fractures
  • Tarsal tunnel syndrome
  • Plantar fasciitis

Symptoms

Symptoms of ankle injury vary based upon the condition. Pain may include general pain and discomfort, swelling, aching, redness, bruising, burning or stabbing sensations, and/or loss of sensation.

Diagnosis

Due to the wide variety of potential causes of ankle pain, podiatrists will utilize a number of different methods to properly diagnose ankle pain. This can include asking for personal and family medical histories and of any recent injuries. Further diagnosis may include sensation tests, a physical examination, and potentially x-rays or other imaging tests.

Treatment

Just as the range of causes varies widely, so do treatments. Some more common treatments are rest, ice packs, keeping pressure off the foot, orthotics and braces, medication for inflammation and pain, and surgery.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Springfield, PA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

 

Read more about Ankle Pain
Tuesday, 05 October 2021 00:00

Understanding the Basics of Heel Pain

Heel pain can be detrimental enough to impact someone’s everyday life and routine, and it is one of the most common conditions that podiatrists treat.  Issues such as obesity, poorly fitting shoes, running and jumping on hard surfaces, your walking style, and certain diseases can all lead to heel pain.  Heel pain most commonly affects those who are middle-aged, physically active, overweight, pregnant, or those who stand for long periods of time.  One common reason for heel pain is plantar fasciitis, which occurs when the ligament that runs along the bottom of the foot and connects the heel to the toes (known as the plantar fascia) becomes inflamed or partially torn.  Heel spurs are another common source of heel pain.  These occur when there is a bony growth at the bottom of the heel.  There are a variety of other issues that can lead to heel pain, so if you are afflicted with heel pain, consulting with a podiatrist for a proper diagnosis and treatment method is highly recommended. 

Many people suffer from bouts of heel pain. For more information, contact David E. Samuel, DPM of Foot & Ankle Specialists of Delaware County. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Causes of Heel Pain

Heel pain is often associated with plantar fasciitis. The plantar fascia is a band of tissues that extends along the bottom of the foot. A rip or tear in this ligament can cause inflammation of the tissue.

Achilles tendonitis is another cause of heel pain. Inflammation of the Achilles tendon will cause pain from fractures and muscle tearing. Lack of flexibility is also another symptom.

Heel spurs are another cause of pain. When the tissues of the plantar fascia undergo a great deal of stress, it can lead to ligament separation from the heel bone, causing heel spurs.

Why Might Heel Pain Occur?

  • Wearing ill-fitting shoes                  
  • Wearing non-supportive shoes
  • Weight change           
  • Excessive running

Treatments

Heel pain should be treated as soon as possible for immediate results. Keeping your feet in a stress-free environment will help. If you suffer from Achilles tendonitis or plantar fasciitis, applying ice will reduce the swelling. Stretching before an exercise like running will help the muscles. Using all these tips will help make heel pain a condition of the past.

If you have any questions please contact our office located in Springfield, PA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Heel Pain
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